Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Abbas Aghaei 1 Article
Mortality from aluminum phosphide poisoning in Kermanshah Province, Iran: characteristics and predictive factors
Seyed Mohammad Navabi, Jafar Navabi, Abbas Aghaei, Zahra Shaahmadi, Ruhollah Heydari
Epidemiol Health. 2018;40:e2018022.   Published online May 27, 2018
  • 11,933 View
  • 245 Download
  • 18 Web of Science
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Aluminum phosphide (ALP), also known in Iran as rice tablets, is one of the most effective rodenticides used to protect stored grain. However, ALP poisoning regularly causes mortality in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and predictive factors of mortality from ALP poisoning.
This study evaluated all patients with ALP poisoning referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah Province, Iran from 2014 to 2015. For each patient, the following information was recorded: age, sex, the number of tablets consumed, the number of suicide attempts, the time elapsed from consumption to treatment, blood pressure, blood pH, HCO3 levels, and PCO2 . Differences between the survivors and non-survivors of ALP poisoning were analyzed using univariate logistic regression and multivariate analysis.
In this study, 48 patients were male and 29 patients were female (total: 77 patients). The average age of the survivors and non-survivors was 28.7 and 31.3 years, respectively. All cases (100%) of ALP poisoning were intentional, with the goal of committing suicide. The main predictive variables of mortality from ALP poisoning were blood pressure, blood pH, and time elapsed from consumption to treatment.
The likelihood of mortality in patients with ALP poisoning can be predicted using blood pressure, blood pH, and time elapsed from consumption to treatment. These findings may help healthcare providers take more effective measures to treat patients with ALP poisoning.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Shock and modified shock indices in predicting poisoning severity and outcomes in acute aluminum phosphide poisoned patients
    Mona M Ghonem, Amira A Abdelnoor, Aliaa A Hodeib
    Toxicology Research.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prognostic significance of poison-related factors and consumption patterns in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning
    LokheshChockalingam Anbalagan, AshokKumar Pannu, Ashish Bhalla, DebaPrasad Dhibar, Navneet Sharma
    Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine.2023; 23(2): 88.     CrossRef
  • Comparing the effectiveness of L-carnitine and paraffin oil in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning using predictive biomarkers and scores: A randomized controlled clinical trial
    Walaa G Abdelhamid, Mahmoud L Sakr, Olfat E Mostafa, Dalia Zaafar, Hanan M Abdelwahab
    Human & Experimental Toxicology.2023; 42: 096032712211496.     CrossRef
  • Prognostic significance of poison-related factors and consumption patterns in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning
    LokheshChockalingam Anbalagan, AshokKumar Pannu, Ashish Bhalla, DebaPrasad Dhibar, Navneet Sharma
    Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning in the North of Iran: A Register-based Research
    Hamid Mohammadi Kojidi, Mirsaeed Attarchi, Morteza Rahbar-Taramsari, Alireza Badsar, Niloofar Faraji, Yalda Rastak, Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie
    Current Drug Safety.2023; 18(3): 323.     CrossRef
  • The therapeutic effect of a novel parenteral formulation of dihydroxyacetone in aluminum phosphide-intoxicated patients
    Hossein Niknahad, Reza Heidari, Ali Jangjou, Vahidreza Asghari, Fatemeh M. Niknahad, Fazel Goudarzi, Nasim Tavakoli, Mitra Rahimi, Amir Mohammad Niknahad, Marziye Rashedinia
    Heliyon.2023; 9(11): e22165.     CrossRef
  • Toxicoepidemiology of Phosphide Poisoning in the Central Part of Iran
    Nastaran Eizadi-Mood, Mahnaz Momenzadeh, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Ahmad Yaraghi, Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee, Sam Alfred
    Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice.2023; 12(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • PGI score: prospective validation and correlation with SOFA, SAPS-II, and APACHE-II scores for predicting outcomes in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning
    A K Pannu, L Jhuria, A Bhalla, N Sharma
    Toxicology Research.2022; 11(2): 361.     CrossRef
  • Pattern of Suicide Methods and Postmortem Toxicological Findings in Suicide-Related Deaths
    Rooholah Valipour, Ahmad Shekari, Mehrdad Setareh, Kambiz Soltaninejad
    American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology.2021; 42(1): 23.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Profile and Treatment Outcome of Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Study
    Dereje Endeshaw Bogale Bogale, Birtukan Demilew Ejigu, Tsigereda Amsalu Muche
    Open Access Emergency Medicine.2021; Volume 13: 239.     CrossRef
  • Suicide by poisoning in Pakistan: review of regional trends, toxicity and management of commonly used agents in the past three decades
    Maria Safdar, Khalid Imran Afzal, Zoe Smith, Filza Ali, Pervaiz Zarif, Zahid Farooq Baig
    BJPsych Open.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The physicochemical properties and distribution of aluminum in the environment, the effect on living organisms, the reduction of its toxic effect
    Victoriia E. Kutai, Vasiliy Yu. Tsygankov
    Medical academic journal.2021; 21(2): 25.     CrossRef
  • Cardioprotective activity of ethanolic extract of Echinophora cinerea against aluminum phosphide poisoning in rats
    Sara Haydari, Afshin Nazari, Maryam Moghimian, Mehrnoosh Sedighi, Saber Ghaderpour
    Journal of Food Biochemistry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of aluminium phosphide (ALP) gas inhalation exposure on adipose tissue characteristics and histological toxicity in male rats
    Zoya Tahergorabi, Mahmoud Zardast, Ali Naghizadeh, Borhan Mansouri, Iman Nakhaei, Mohsen Zangouei
    Journal of Taibah University for Science.2020; 14(1): 1317.     CrossRef
  • Cardiogenic Shock Due to Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning Treated with Intra-aortic Balloon Pump: A Report of Two Cases
    Omid Mehrpour, Sadegh Asadi, Mohammad Ali Yaghoubi, Nahid Azdaki, Nastaran Mahmoodabadi, SeyedYoosef Javadmoosavi
    Cardiovascular Toxicology.2019; 19(5): 474.     CrossRef
  • Antidotal Action of Some Gold(I) Complexes toward Phosphine Toxicity
    Kimberly K. Garrett, Kristin L. Frawley, Samantha Carpenter Totoni, Yookyung Bae, Jim Peterson, Linda L. Pearce
    Chemical Research in Toxicology.2019; 32(6): 1310.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health